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By Gavin Menzies

On March eight, 1421, the biggest fleet the realm had ever visible set sail from China to "proceed all of the technique to the ends of the earth to assemble tribute from the barbarians past the seas." while the fleet back domestic in October 1423, the emperor had fallen, leaving China in political and financial chaos. the nice ships have been left to rot at their moorings and the documents in their trips have been destroyed. misplaced within the lengthy, self-imposed isolation that used to be the information that chinese language ships had reached the US seventy years earlier than Columbus and had circumnavigated the globe a century ahead of Magellan. and so they colonized the United States prior to the Europeans, transplanting the central monetary plants that experience considering the fact that fed and clothed the realm.

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Extra info for 1421: The Year China Discovered America

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His translation career had two phases. From 1871 to 1881, he translated for the Jiangnan Arsenal and then he worked for the SDK from 1887 until his death in 1907. Allen was involved in the translation of history and current affairs titles, such as The Annals of the Four Barbarians (Siyi biannian biao 四裔編年表 ), The Statesman’s Year Book (Lieguo suiji zhengyao 列國歲計政要 ), Compilation of Recent Events in the West (Xiguo jinshi huibian 西國近事匯編 ), Tales of the Sino-Japanese War (Zhongdong zhanji benmo 中東戰紀本末 ), and Education in Japan (Wenxue xingguo ce 文學興國策 ).

That foreign education be given to all Sui-ts’ais (Xiucai 秀才 , the degree of the “flowered talent”). 3. That lectures on world topics be given regularly in Peking. 4. 32 In the following five months, Richard spared no effort to have interviews with high officials to present his reform scheme. He first met Prime Minister Weng Tonghe, stating seven urgent measurements that the court should consider implementing: 1. Two foreign advisers to the Throne. 2. A Cabinet of eight Ministers, one half of Manchus and Chinese, and the other half of foreign officials who would know about the progress of all the world.

On February 28, Richard was received by the minister. He could not wait to state the threats from foreign powers to China: 1. Dangers from foreign countries, from France, from Russia’s Siberian Railway. 2. Dangers from the ignorance of her own officials and people, resulting in suspicion, corruption, and poverty. 3. 29 He then proposed his scheme on reform: 1. That two princes be sent as Peace Plenipotentiaries, preferring a money indemnity to any other terms. 2. That an alliance be made with a leading Power to effect beneficial reforms.

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