By John Carriero, Janet Broughton, Annie Wauters
A suite of greater than 30 especially commissioned essays, this quantity surveys the paintings of the 17th-century philosopher-scientist generally considered as the founding father of smooth philosophy, whereas integrating specific essays detailing the context and impression of his paintings.
- Covers the total diversity of old and philosophical views at the paintings of Descartes
- Discusses his seminal contributions to our realizing of skepticism, mind-body dualism, self-knowledge, innate rules, substance, causality, God, and the character of animals
- Explores the philosophical value of his contributions to arithmetic and science
- Concludes with a piece at the impression of Descartes's paintings on next philosophers
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Additional resources for A Companion to Descartes
Nevertheless Aristotelianism was no frozen monolith (Schmitt and Skinner 1988). During the four centuries of its predominance, it continued to change, and admitted on all but fundamental points or those on which ecclesiastical authorities had pronounced, a great latitude – within, as in all such frameworks, the limits of its thinkable. In what follows I present some basic features of Aristotelian natural philosophy around 1600. I do so with Descartes in mind, and from his perspective. I therefore emphasize the views of Jesuit authors.
A mode includes in its definition, its “essential reason,” an intrinsic 20 aristotelian natural philosophy: body, cause, nature dependence on something else: in considering the definition of “figure,” say, we can see that “figure without quantity” is contradictory, and that not even God can conserve the figure of a thing without its quantity. If we consider the definition of color, on the other hand, we should find – since colors for Suárez are res, and capable of existing without their ordinary subject – that it does not include an intrinsic dependence on something else actually existing.
In Libros metaphysicorum Aristotelis . . Hildesheim: Olds. (Originally published 1615) Garber, D. (1992). Descartes’ Metaphysical Physics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Hellyer, M. (2005). Catholic Physics: Jesuit Natural Philosophy in Early Modern Germany. North Bend, IN: University of Notre Dame Press. John of St. Thomas (1930–7). Cursus philosophicus Thomisticus, ed. P. Beato Reiser. Turin: Marietti. (Originally published 1637–8) Marenbon, J. (1987). Later Medieval Philosophy (1150–1350).