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By James F. Eder

For many of the 20 th century, migrant settlers from the Philippines have tested homesteads and new methods of existence on Palawan Island, a one-time woodland barren region. at the island's coastal plains and within the hilly inside, settlers have created dynamic and wealthy groups in keeping with in the community variable combos of agricultural and non-agricultural lifeways. This quantity offers an research of socioeconomic swap in a single Palawan settler neighborhood based through the Forties. according to precise details on the degrees of neighborhood, loved ones and person spanning a 25-year interval (1970-1995), the chapters focus on 3 simple issues: the advance of a post-frontier village economic climate; family suggestions for survival and prosperity; and person objectives as they relate to rules approximately social status and private worthy. those issues are hooked up into an built-in research of swap locally throughout time and set in the context of wider adjustments in society.

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Additional resources for A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines

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Unfortunately, government data on Palawan have historically been lumped together with data on other provinces or regions, rendering difficult the analysis of migration patterns and even the destination of gross numbers of immigrants during particular time periods. Smith’s (1977) analysis of 1970 census data, for example, concerns a variety of interregional migration patterns but only discusses Palawan in the context of aggregated data on immigration to Region IV, the Southern Tagalog region, which also included Batangas, Laguna, and Rizal, much of which is suburban or even urban.

First, it is not particularly helpful to villainize upland farmers in the Philippines, whether indigenous or migrant; most are just trying to make a living and have few alternatives in life. Just as poverty and unsolved agrarian problems in densely populated agricultural lowlands have driven millions of Filipinos into the Philippine uplands, including Palawan’s uplands, to begin with, so too do such factors as poverty, land tenure insecurity, and lack of access to credit—rather than greed, ignorance, or ecological insensitivity—explain the environmental damage that many migrants admittedly do after their arrival in places like Palawan.

San Jose residents have not merely waited for development to be brought to them; they have also aggressively sought out resources in the wider economy or innovated with materials at hand. Important resources for development found in the city proper or in neighboring communities include banks and other credit facilities; commercial seed, poultry, and farm chemical outlets; hybrid crop distribution centers; and livestock vaccination and insemination services. Neither have San Jose residents been the only ones to derive profit from community resources and opportunities.

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