By Robert Bideleux
A heritage of japanese Europe: concern and alter is a wide-ranging unmarried quantity background of the "lands between", the lands that have lain among Germany, Italy, and the Tsarist and Soviet empires. Bideleux and Jeffries study the issues that experience bedevilled this bothered sector in the course of its imperial earlier, the interwar interval, less than fascism, below communism, and because 1989. whereas frequently concentrating on the trendy period and at the results of ethnic nationalism, fascism and communism, the e-book additionally deals unique, amazing and revisionist insurance of: * old and medieval instances* the Hussite Revolution, the Renaissance, the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation* the legacies of Byzantium, the Ottoman Empire and the Hapsburg Empire* the increase and decline of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth* the influence of the region's robust Russian and Germanic neighbours* rival thoughts of "Central" and "Eastern" Europe* the Nineteen Twenties land reforms and the Thirties melancholy. supplying a thematic old survey and research of the formative techniques of switch that have performed the paramount roles in shaping the advance of the region, A historical past of japanese Europe itself will play a paramount function within the reports of eu historians.
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Extra resources for A History of Eastern Europe: Crisis and Change (1998)
430). The resultant political and social rigidities severely cramped East Central European development during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Towns and the embryonic urban merchant classes went into temporary decline, partly as a result of the abovementioned religious persecution, emigration and devastating warfare and partly because the major noble producers of exportable grain, timber and livestock surpluses established direct relations with western European merchants and financiers, bypassing the often ethnically ‘alien’ Baltic towns and middlemen.
The dominant nationality in each country indiscriminately looks upon the state as its very own, however undemocratic it may be’ (Vajda 1988:344). In eastern Europe, experiments in democracy have tended to degenerate into ‘intolerant majoritarianism’, trampling under foot the rights of minorities—and, ultimately, those of the majorities as well. Moreover, so long as it is believed that each ethnic group has ‘freehold rights’ over a particular patch of land, there will always remain the potential for violent inter-ethnic conflict in some benighted part of this war-scarred region.
We try consistently to use the term as a geographical expression, referring to the western ‘half’ of the continent, rather than in a more loaded political sense. We also recognize that, like ‘Eastern Europe’, ‘Western Europe’ became a formal political and economic entity only in the wake of the Yalta and Potsdam agreements of 1945, and that it did not achieve institutional expression until the establishment of the Council of Europe, the OEEC, the ECSC, the WEU and the EEC during the late 1940s or the 1950s.