By Derek Offord, William Leatherbarrow
The background of rules has performed a important position in Russia's political and social background. realizing its highbrow culture and how the intelligentsia have formed the state is essential to knowing the Russia of this day. This new background examines vital highbrow and cultural currents (the Enlightenment, nationalism, nihilism, and spiritual revival) and key subject matters (conceptions of the West and East, the typical humans, and attitudes to capitalism and typical technology) in Russian highbrow background. targeting the Golden Age of Russian concept within the mid 19th century, the participants additionally glance again to its eighteenth-century origins within the flowering of tradition following the reign of Peter the good, and ahead to the ongoing power of Russia's classical highbrow culture within the Soviet and post-Soviet eras. With short biographical information of over fifty key thinkers and an in depth bibliography, this publication presents a clean, accomplished evaluate of Russian highbrow heritage.
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Extra info for A History of Russian Thought
Ix. 2. , pp. x–xi. 3. Andrzej Walicki, A History of Russian Thought from the Enlightenment to Marxism, trans. Hilda Andrews-Rusiecka (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980), p. xiii. 4. , p. xiv. 5. ), Russian Intellectual History: An Anthology (New Jersey: Humanities Press, 1966), p. v. 6. , p. 4. 7. , p. 5. 8. , p. 6. 16 william leatherbarrow and derek offord 9. Isaiah Berlin, Russian Thinkers, ed. Henry Hardy and Aileen Kelly (London: Hogarth Press, 1978), p. 117. 10. P. V. Annenkov, Literaturnye vospominaniia (Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo khudozhestvennoi literatury, 1960), p.
Dealt with in courts of their own (volost’ courts), peasants remained, in law as in economic matters, less than wholly independent actors. Peasant ‘collective responsibility’ (krugovaia poruka) was abolished in 1903 and the peasants’ redemption payments in November 1905 (with full eﬀect from 1 January 1907). The ‘Stolypin reforms’ of November 1906 made it possible for peasants to leave their communes and consolidate their holdings in integrated farms. The government also promised additional land to peasants who were willing to contemplate resettlement in Siberia or the Far East.
11. M. O. Gershenzon, Istoricheskie zapiski (Moscow: Tipograﬁia I. N. Kushnereva, 1910), pp. 153–4. 12. Philip Pomper, The Russian Revolutionary Intelligentsia (New York: Crowell, 1970), p. 1. 13. See Nicholas V. Riasanovsky, A Parting of Ways: Government and the Educated Public in Russia 1801–1855 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976). 14. Gershenzon, Istoricheskie zapiski, p. 164. 15. Marc Raeﬀ, Origins of the Russian Intelligentsia: The Eighteenth-Century Nobility (New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1966), p.