By Mark Harrison
How did the Soviet Union examine economically with its allies and adversaries prior to and through global conflict II? was once Soviet financial survival lower than mammoth German assault to be anticipated? What was once the price of the struggle in rubles, lives and foregone postwar monetary wellbeing and fitness? during this ebook Mark Harrison solutions those questions, supplying a entire research of the hitherto mystery Soviet statistical checklist.
Read Online or Download Accounting for War: Soviet Production, Employment, and the Defence Burden, 1940–1945 PDF
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Additional resources for Accounting for War: Soviet Production, Employment, and the Defence Burden, 1940–1945
They were accompanied by release of the most limited selection of figures from the official wartime national accounts of aggregate production and utilisation. Only recently has it become possible to reconstruct these accounts with any precision. 1 Their author, B. Sukharevskii, was wartime head of the Gosplan section responsible for overall national economic balances. A. 2 Voznesenskii, a member of Stalin's war cabinet and Politburo, was head of Gosplan and Sukharevskii's immediate boss; Voznesenskii's text was later said to have been approved personally by Stalin.
The suppression of figures both on the distribution of cash incomes, and on privileged access to goods and services not readily available for cash, also kept ordinary people in the dark about the lifestyle of the elite. The two origins of popular distrust of official figures gave rise to distinct popular responses. One was the belief that all aggregate statistics are lies; the material of popular experience is impossible to quantify, and the only objective reality is the raw, unprocessed experience of personal witness.
Officials such as Sukharevskii, including study of the phasing of economic mobilisation and sources of war finance, the influence of relative price effects on measures of the defence burden, and the reconciliation of production and expenditure accounts. I do not present the figures below as trustworthy. They reveal the picture only as it was seen in Moscow at the time within a narrow circle of officials. Part of the context of these developments was the poor quality of basic statistics, which led to divergent estimates of wartime economic burdens.