Download Allium Crop Science: Recent Advances by Haim D Rabinowitch, Lesley Currah PDF

By Haim D Rabinowitch, Lesley Currah

The Alliums are probably the most historic cultivated vegetation and contain onions, garlic, leeks and different comparable vegetation. the first goal of this ebook is to compile, in one quantity, updated wisdom acquired by way of quite a few medical disciplines, from the fundamental molecular point, to software within the box, of the allium crops.It includes commissioned chapters on subject matters that experience proven significant advances quite within the final ten years comparable to molecular biology, floriculture and agronomy. individuals comprise best international professionals from Europe, america, Japan and New Zealand.

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It is thought that the Romans, who cultivated onions in special gardens (cepinae), took onions north of the Alps, as all the names for onion in West and Central European languages are derived from Latin. Different cultivars of onion are listed in garden catalogues from the 9th century AD, but the onion became widespread as a crop in Europe only during the Middle Ages and was probably introduced into Russia in the 12th or 13th century. The onion was among the first cultivated plants taken to the Americas from Europe, beginning with Columbus in the Caribbean.

The majority of cultivars grown for dry bulbs belong to this group, as do salad or pickling onions. In many countries, gene erosion has recently accelerated with the widespread introduction of high-quality, high-yielding F1 hybrids. , 1982; Bosch Serra and Currah, Chapter 9, and Currah, Chapter 16, this volume). 2 Aggregatum group The bulbs are smaller than in common onions, and several to many form an aggregated cluster. Traditional reproduction is almost exclusively vegetative via daughter bulbs, though recently lines of seedreproduced shallots have been developed (see Rabinowitch and Kamenetsky, Chapter 17, this volume).

L. D. (eds) Onions and Allied Crops, Vol. III. Biochemistry, Food Science, and Minor Crops. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, pp. 219–230. , Pollner, S. and Hanelt, P. (1999) Use of chloroplast DNA polymorphisms for the phylogenetic study of Allium subgenus Amerallium and subgenus Bromatorrhiza (Alliaceae) II. Feddes Repertorium 110, 103–109. , Ohle, H. and Hanelt, P. (1983) Phylogenetic conclusions from Giemsa banding and NOR staining in top onions (Liliaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 143, 245–256.

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