By Brian Morris
This ebook is a pioneering and entire research of the environmental background of Southern Malawi. With over fifty years of expertise, anthropologist and social ecologist Brian Morris attracts on a variety of information – literary, ethnographic and archival – during this interdisciplinary quantity.
Specifically focussing at the complicated and dialectical courting among the folks of Southern Malawi, either Africans and Europeans, and the Shire Highlands panorama, this learn spans the 19th century until eventually the tip of the colonial interval. It contains distinctive debts of the early historical past of the peoples of Northern Zambezia; the improvement of the plantation economic climate and background of the tea estates within the Thyolo and Mulanje districts; the Chilembwe uprising of 1915; and the advanced tensions among colonial pursuits in preserving usual assets and the troubles of the Africans of the Shire Highlands in preserving their livelihoods.
A landmark paintings, Morris’s examine constitutes an important contribution to the environmental historical past of Southern Africa. it's going to allure not just to students, yet to scholars in anthropology, economics, historical past and the environmental sciences, in addition to to a person attracted to studying extra concerning the heritage of Malawi, and ecological matters when it comes to southern Africa.
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Extra resources for An Environmental History of Southern Malawi: Land and People of the Shire Highlands
Four final points of interest are worth noting briefly with respect to the ecology of Brachystegia woodland. • In a botanical survey of Sanjika hill (3686 feet, 1123 m) near Blantyre, which had a protected area of Brachystegia woodland, many plants were recorded which, though common, were not in fact indigenous to the Shire Highlands. They included the following: the aromatic khakhi-weed Tagetes minuta, Nicandra physalodes (mkalabwinja), Galinsoga parviflora (mwamuna aligone—My husband sleeps), and Argemone mexicana (doza), as well as the cultivated guava (Psidium guajava).
After the annual fires and around the outbreak of the rains the grassland becomes a carpet of colourful herbaceous plants (Jackson 1969; Chapman and White 1970: 21–22; White et al. 2001: 69; Morris 2009 : 46–47). On both Zomba and Mulanje Mountains there are a variety of different kinds of shrubby vegetation. But at the edge of the montane forest and in rocky terrains the commonest vegetation-type is that usually described as bracken-briar. 5 m) tall. Shrubs that are associated with bracken-briar include Erica (Philippia benguetensis) (Kachamba), Hypericum revolutum (ncheju), Heteromorpha arborescens (kapoloni), Tecomaria capensis (masasa), Rhus longipes (mtatu—on account of its trifoliate leaves), and the thorny shrub Rubus rigidus.
64 square miles (1462 ha). It has also been recognized that there are in fact two species of cedar on Mulanje Mountain, namely, the majestic Widdringtonia whytei (syn. W. cupressoides) (mkunguza), which is a broad crowned canopy tree growing to 40 m and Widdringtonia nodiflora, which is a multi-stemmed shrub 4 m tall that grows mainly at the forest edges (White et al. 2001: 82–83). Paradoxically, although Mulanje cedar is extremely sensitive to fire, it is dependent on the intervention of fire for its successful regeneration (Chapman and White 1970: 168).