By Norman Smith
In Intoxicating Manchuria, Norman Smith finds how large intoxicant industries have been altered by means of warlord rule, jap career, and conflict. Powering the unfold of alcohol and opium -- at the start heralded as markers of sophistication or modernity and whose use was once good documented -- those industries flourished in the course of the early 20th century whilst a energetic anti-intoxicant flow raged.
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Extra info for Intoxicating Manchuria: Alcohol, Opium, and Culture in China's Northeast
The availability of ingredients for the production of alcohol declined, and so, too, did the importation of alcoholic beverages, except for those from Japan. On 4 February 1938 rations were introduced. Specific amounts were allocated to various sectors of society, including families, the army, and retailers, such as stores, restaurants, and bars. 139 Commercial alcohol producers were ordered to purchase ingredients only from state-controlled suppliers. 141 Private production was officially prohibited but continued nonetheless for domestic use and illegal sales.
41 The signboards informed consumers of, and attracted them to, the establishment’s specialities with visuals that compensated for those who might not be able to understand the relevant Chinese characters. They also added considerable colour and local flavour to what were often otherwise drab commercial buildings. In large cities, especially, streets were festooned with signboards for all sorts of businesses, ranging from shoemakers to tobacconists. From the 1910s, such promotional practices moved into print media as well.
Circa 1916-28) and Zhang Xueliang (r. 1 Each regime attempted to turn intoxicants to its advantage. 3 It was in the Kangxi reign, too, that opium appears to have been first introduced. 7 Alcohol and opium were prominent features of local social and financial regimes. 8 This chapter outlines main developments in the Northeast’s intoxicant industries from the end of the imperial period through the 1940s to demonstrate their significance to local life and governance. The latter Qing Dynasty witnessed expansive growth in intoxicant industries.