By George.H. Cassar
This ebook covers the tenure of Kitchener as Proconsul in Egypt within the years previous the 1st international battle. primarily based on unpublished resources – together with govt documents and personal papers – it not just fills a spot within the lifestyles and profession of Kitchener, the main well-known soldier in Britain when you consider that Wellington, however it additionally bargains with a massive yet essentially unknown interval in Egyptian background. George Cassar exhibits Kitchener to be an ardent imperialist, yet person who had a feeling of accountability to the rustic he ruled. changing his box marshal’s uniform for the gown of a statesman, he arrived in Egypt whilst British status was once at a low aspect as a result of his predecessor’s guidelines. He restored political balance, created stipulations that reinforced the financial system, and brought a wave of reforms. Kitchener as Proconsul of Egypt, 1911-1914 reveals how Kitchener’s curiosity prolonged past Egypt, and the way all through those years he labored quietly to organize the floor in an try and create an Arab Empire lower than Britain’s suzerainty.
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Extra resources for Kitchener as Proconsul of Egypt, 1911-1914
The race to be the first to enter the city opened a half mile gap between the last brigade, commanded by MajorGeneral Hector MacDonald, and the rest of the army. H. CASSAR slope of Jebel Surgam, the Khalifa, with a second army of some 20,000, seized his opportunity to strike. At the sight of the approaching dervishes, MacDonald swung his brigade around as smoothly as if he had been on a parade ground to meet the fanatical charge. The withering curtain of fire from MacDonald’s men decimated the dervishes until practically none remained.
To oversee the evacuation of the Sudan, the British authorities selected General Charles “Chinese” Gordon, a popular hero and former governor of the country. Gordon arrived in Khartoum on 18 February, 1884, to the tumultuous acclaim of the population who looked to him to save them from the blood-thirsty religious fanatic. Almost immediately he realized that it was impossible to evacuate 40,000 people. As a man of unwavering Christian faith, he believed it was his moral obligation to stay and defend the city, even if it meant exceeding his brief.
The impressive sounding title was misleading as Kitchener found out on arriving at Suakin on the Red Sea on 1 September. 27 Suakin was the last remaining town held by the Egyptians in the Sudan and the local dervish leader, Osman Digna, made periodic forays almost to the suburbs of the town. Kitchener built a line of fortifications and ditches but realized that it was not enough and requested permission to attack Osman who had taken a position at Handub, 15 miles north of Suakin. H. CASSAR he would face another Gordon-type rescue operation.