By Obaid Younossi, Somi Seong, Benjamin W. Goldsmith, Thomas Lang, Michael J. Neumann
Among 2003 and 2006, the cost of titanium greater than doubled. The authors try to solution 4 fundamental questions: What caused this rate surge? What are titanium1s destiny industry clients and rising applied sciences? What are the consequences for the creation expense of destiny army airframes? How may well the dep. of safety mitigate the industrial hazards concerned about the titanium marketplace?
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Extra resources for Titanium: Industrial Base, Price Trends, and Technology Initiatives (Rand Corporation Monograph)
The purchased quantity made up more than half of the total sponge it consumed. For titanium scrap used in 2006, TIMET generated material internally during production as well as material purchased on the market. The purchased quantity made up about 25 to 30 percent of the total scrap consumed. The breakdown 9 See Figure 6 in Kraft, 2004. 2 Composition of Materials Used to Produce Titanium Ingot and Mill Products Alloys Internally produced sponge 7% 24% Titanium scrap 40% 29% Purchased sponge SOURCE: TIMET, 2006.
They also note that the titanium supply shortage may inﬂuence delivery schedules for military aircraft and weapons (Toensmeier, 2006). There are worries that titanium shortages may substantially raise the program cost of the F-35, previously called the Joint Strike Fighter (Murphy, 2006; Defense Industry Daily, 2006). 4 Unit recurring ﬂyaway cost is the cost of the airframe, propulsion, armament, electronic ﬁre control, and similar air-vehicle items. Airframe is usually the most signiﬁcant cost element.
17 The percentage of spot market transactions in titanium varies depending on business cycles and when long-term contracts expire, according to industry experts. 18 Downstream industries are industries that buy titanium. The Titanium Industrial Base and Other Market Characteristics 31 Conversely, long-term contracts still dominate the titanium market, accounting for approximately 50 percent or more of the transactions by major titanium producers. The aerospace industry is the dominant downstream industry in which the major buyers are ﬁxed and production lead time is signiﬁcant.