By Henning Melber
The 1st quantity on "Re-examining liberation in Namibia" (2003) targeting the political tradition when you consider that Independence. This moment number of essays, which completes the learn, provides to the commonly famous and praised attempt to seriously investigate the achievements and screw ups of the erstwhile German and South African colony lower than a liberation stream in political strength.
It enhances the previous assortment via ordinarily assessing the fabric elements of decolonization and its obstacles on the subject of the empirical social realities. The individuals are students and civil society activists almost always established in Namibia or operating commonly on and within the kingdom. Their analyses are guided by means of a dedication to the Namibian humans and the declared ambitions of social emancipation as formulated throughout the anti-colonial fight. The chapters take care of criminal features of the recent process, the thoughts of a brand new elite, the continuing social disparities, different types of exploitation and marginalization, land as a contested factor, the mixing of ex-combatants, the position of sweet sixteen, decentralization and neighborhood improvement, city deprivation, HIV/Aids, gendered violence and other kinds of discrimination.
The insights upload to the physique of data bearing on negotiated and regulated swap with a move of political strength to former liberation pursuits really in Southern Africa. it really is thought-provoking by way of the required reflections at the limits to liberation and is of curiosity and use to students, activists and practitioners alike.
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Additional info for Transitions in Namibia: Which Change for Whom?
Multimillionaire Dreams of Turning Namibia into a Game Park,’ The Namibian, 14 September 2006. 46 Commercial land reforms in postcolonial Namibia Conclusion This paper has highlighted not only the pre-independence national development outlook of SWAPO as a liberation movement, but has also shed light on a number of factors that may have necessitated compromise on the initial commitments to realise social equity within the context of land reforms initiatives. Moreover, the paper has attempted to demonstrate how the principles underpinning commercial agricultural land reforms, and the policies and programmes they helped nurture, has tended to perpetuate the concentration of land in the hands of both white and black economic elites.
2002:96) outlined the three processes involved. First there was the process to earmark resources for acquiring sufficient land for resettlement. Second, there is the selection of beneficiaries, a process that can become politicised and is fraught with possibilities for fraud and which therefore requires utmost transparency in order to preserve the integrity of the land reform programme. Third, there is the institutionalisation of effective and efficient support mechanisms for the resettled farmers in order sustain the productivity of the land as well as the viability of the resettlement programme.
39 Phanuel Kaapama Moreover, it is alleged that the process of allocating farmland through the resettlement programme has become highly politicised and is therefore wanting in transparency (SARPN 2003:21). As a result, it is alleged that the ‘economics of affection’ have found expression in the ties of political patronage, which are being exploited by some political office bearers and bureaucrats as elaborate avenues for preferential treatment of party stalwarts, as well as of friends and relatives of the ruling elite.