By Bill Price
In 1922 Howard Carter exposed what's nonetheless considered as the main striking archaeological discovery ever made. Tutankhamun's tomb had remained hidden within the Valley of the Kings for greater than 3000 years and its discovery triggered a media sensation, raising the formerly little-known Egyptian Pharaoh into the location of a global big name. The contents of the tomb have been discovered nearly completely intact, together with the Pharaoh's mummified physique, nonetheless donning its good gold funeral mask.
Tutankhamun lived in an period whilst the Egyptian Empire, targeted at the royal urban of Thebes, used to be at its top and while the wealth and tool of its Pharaoh used to be at its maximum. This was once additionally a interval of huge non secular upheaval. Akenaten, the heretical Pharaoh and, almost certainly, Tutanhkamun's father, had brought a brand new faith, solely worshipping the solar god Aten. below Tutanhkamun, the previous faith, with its many gods and goddesses, used to be restored, placing an finish to the heresy.
In fresh years learn has shed new gentle on Tutankhamun's lifestyles and, particularly, on his demise. a brand new exhibition, Tutankhamun and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs, has toured the US and is coming to London in November 2007. Public curiosity within the boy king is as robust as ever and our wisdom of the delicate and intricate society over which he reigned maintains to grow.
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Extra resources for Tutankhamun: Egypt's Most Famous Pharaoh
It sets out Akhenaten’s belief in the Aten as the only god, who created the world and everything in it, and lists some of the creator’s achievements. In the hymn, Akhenaten also identiﬁes himself as the son of the one and only god. Similarities between the hymn and Psalm 104 have been recognised, although whether the hymn had a direct inﬂuence on the composition of the psalm or if they were independently expressing similar religious concerns is not known. It is one strand of evidence used by some academics to support the theory of a cultural link between the religion of Akhenaten and Judaism.
It is generally assumed that, because of his youth and because Ankhesenamun is the only royal woman depicted in his tomb, she was his only wife at the time of his death. Everyday Objects The superbly crafted and beautifully decorated ritual and funerary objects discovered in the tomb have received the • 48 • robin-bobin T H E L I F E O F T U TA N K H A M U N bulk of the attention since it was opened by Howard Carter, but these were by no means the only artefacts found. There were a great many other items which generally have not received the attention they merit.
Excavations of houses of ordinary people in Amarna have uncovered private shrines and idols dedicated to other gods as well as to the Aten so, even in Amarna, Akhenaten’s reforms were not universally accepted. The worship of the old gods did not die out, but may have been driven underground, with people maintaining their beliefs in the privacy of their own homes. Essentially what Akhenaten was demanding of his people was the abandonment of their personal beliefs.